First three indigenous reserves are created in Peru
- For the first time in history Peru will have three consolidated Indigenous Reserves.
- These three reserves will shelter more than 1’500.000 hectares of land.
While in the last decade the indigenous organizations have successfully promoted the creation of Territorial Reserves approved by the State due to the significance of protecting peoples in isolation and initial contact, our country has made great strides in consolidating these spaces as Indigenous Reserves as provided for in Law Nº 28736.
Several institutions supported the process such as WWF-Peru, which was responsible for developing Additional Studies of Categorization of Mashco Piro and Murunahua Territorial Reserves, and the Instituto del Bien Común (IBC), which was in charge of the study of the Isconahua Territorial Reserve.
These studies were the baseline for the approval of their categorization in May this year by the Multisectoral Commission of the PIACIs. The aim was to consolidate this vast rainforest ecosystem that protects and guarantees the rights of indigenous peoples in isolation including Isconahua, Mashco Piro, Mastanahua, Murunahua and Chitonahua, as well as peoples in initial contact such as Amahuaca. It is also worth mentioning the existence of one group of Peoples in Isolation whose ethnic origin has yet to be identified.
By Supreme Decree N°007-2016-MC, published on July 24, the Indigenous Reserves were allowed to adjust to the current regulations and upgrade the legal status of protection of the PIACIs and their territories. Furthermore, management tools of the reserve are implemented as well as protection plans, and creation of their Protection Management Committees.
The categorization of the Indigenous Reserves must encourage continuous strengthening of management of these territories, thus ensuring their intangibility, and face threats that endanger the existence of PIACIs and the rainforest they depend on. In this regard, the involvement of different sectors and government levels is crucial in this management, as well as the participation of indigenous organizations and civil society.
The Mashco Piro and Murunahua Indigenous Reserves are part of the Purús Manu Conservation Corridor, covering 10 million hectares of rainforest across the Ucayali, Cusco and Madre de Dios regions.
Indigenous Reserve (IR) Data:
- The Isconahua IR, has a total surface of 298,487.71 ha, is located in the district of Callería, province of Coronel Portillo, department of Ucayali, for the benefit of Isconahua indigenous People in Isolation.
- The Mashco Piro IR, has a total surface of 816,057.06 ha, is located in the district of Purús, province of Purús, department of Ucayali, for the benefit of indigenous peoples in isolation: Mashco Piro and Mastanahua, and the indigenous people in isolation whose ethnic group is yet to be identified.
- The Murunahua IR, has a total surface of 470,305.89 ha, located in the districts of Yurúa and Antonio Raymondi, province of Atalaya, department of Ucayali, for the benefit of indigenous peoples in isolation: Murunahua, Chitonahua, Mashco Piro; and the indigenous peoples in initial contact: Amahuaca.